Wednesday, March 29, 2017

Administration proposes damaging cuts to CURRENT year funds

Dear forest pest mavens,

a document circulating here indicates that the Trump Administration proposes to cut funds for the current FY17) year.

The Administration proposes to cut $50 million from appropriations to APHIS for a combination of 3 programs: "tree & wood pests", "specialty crops", and wildlife services. Since the Fiscal Year is half over, these cuts would be deeper even than this indicates. 

This proposed cut is most alarming.  "Tree & wood pests" is currently funded at ~$54 million; APHIS spends all of that on just 3 tree pests - Asian longhorned beetle, emerald ash borer, & gypsy moth. The "specialty crops" program is funded at $156 million; $3-4 million of that goes to sudden oak death. So, already, APHIS has funding to deal with only 4 of the dozens of non-native insects & pathogens killing urban, rural, and wildland trees.

OMB has sought for more than a decade to shift response costs to the states - despite the legal responsibility for preventing pest introductions lying with the federal government (APHIS). In practice, relying on the states will mean piecemeal programs  - some states will fund aggressive programs, most will not.  This will undermine efficacy since these pests threaten trees across wide swaths of the country, not just individual states.

It is somewhat unclear, but APHIS might be negotiating with the states now about which ones will accept how much of the responsibility for which pests.  ... clearly any negotiations are shadowed by the abrupt cut-off sword hanging over the process.

The proposals do not appear to cut funding for USFS State & Private Forestry/Forest Health Protection or Research; it would cut funds for forest landscape restoration projects and the urban forestry program.

Contact your members of Congress and senators and urge them to oppose this proposal when the bill to fund government activities for the 2nd half of the fiscal year comes to a vote.  (The current continuing resolution expires at the end of April, so the bills should be before Congress soon.)


Friday, March 17, 2017



March 15, 2017

Mr. Chairman and members of the Committee, thank you for the opportunity to appear before you at
this hearing on innovations in fighting invasive species and conserving wildlife. This is a
particularly timely hearing for the National Invasive Species Council (NISC). We recently co-
hosted the first annual Innovation Summit on invasive species, a major gathering of leading
scientists, innovators, and entrepreneurs to solve seemingly intractable problems – problems that
leave us vulnerable to the adverse impacts of invasive species.

National Invasive Species Council (NISC) Leadership
The Federal Government defines invasive species to mean, with regard to a particular ecosystem, a
non-native organism whose introduction causes, or is likely to cause, economic or environmental
harm, or harm to human, animal, or plant health.

It is the policy of the United States to prevent the introduction, establishment, and spread of
invasive species, as well as to eradicate and control populations of invasive species that are
established. Invasive species pose threats to prosperity, security, and quality of life. They have
negative impacts on the environment and natural resources; agriculture and food production systems;
water resources; human, animal, and plant health; infrastructure, the economy, energy, cultural
resources, and military readiness. Every year, invasive species cost the United States an estimated
$120 billion in economic losses and management expenditures.

Across the Federal government, agencies are focused on combatting invasive species. This includes
efforts to prevent the introduction, establishment, and spread of invasive species, as well as to
eradicate and control populations of invasive species that are established. The NISC is an
interdepartmental body charged with providing the vision and leadership necessary to coordinate,
sustain, and expand federal efforts to safeguard the interests of the U.S. through the prevention,
eradication, and control of invasive species, and through the restoration of ecosystems and other
assets impacted by invasive species. NISC was established in 1999 under Executive Order 13112. At
that time, NISC comprised the senior-most leaders of eight Federal Departments. In December 2016,
NISC and its duties were expanded under Executive Order 13751.

NISC is co-chaired by the Secretaries of the Interior, Agriculture, and Commerce. Other Federal
member agencies include the Secretaries of State, Treasury, Defense, Health and Human Services,
Transportation, and Homeland Security; the Administrators of the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration, Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Agency for

International Development, the U.S. Trade Representative; and, in the Executive Office of the
President, the Directors of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, Council on Environmental
Quality, and the Office of Management and Budget.

A small staff of experts in science, technology, policy, program management, and interdepartmental
coordination is responsible for carrying out the day-to-day duties of NISC, including coordinating
the development and implementation of the NISC Management Plan. The Department of the Interior
administers this Secretariat.

NISC provides high-level policy and planning on invasive species, from a whole of government
perspective. This involves providing institutional leadership and priority setting, facilitating
effective coordination and cost-efficiency within the Federal Government and with non-federal
partners, raising awareness of the invasive species issue and motivating high-impact action,
removing barriers to getting the job done effectively on the ground, assessing and strengthening
federal capacities as needed to meet the Council’s duties, and, most importantly for this hearing,
fostering innovation.

The remainder of my comments will focus on NISC’s work to foster innovation, with particular
emphasis on initiatives to advance technological innovation.

Technology Innovation: An Invasive Species Game Changer
The invasive species issue has been plagued by a misconception, a belief that the issue is too
complex, too difficult, too costly to overcome. Frequently, the resulting attitude has been, “Why
bother?” Investments in technology innovation can be game changing. They are demonstrating that
seemingly insurmountable challenges can be overcome with substantial return on investment. They are
helping us change the conversation from “can’t” to “can” and “let’s get it done, now!”

I would like to make five general points about technology innovation in the context of the invasive
species issue and then focus on relevant NISC directives, priority actions, and outputs.

First, in order to be effective, advancements in technology innovation need not require substantial
investments in time or money. There are numerous “low tech” innovations being made with relatively
rapid, cost-efficient outputs. For example, intellectual advancements in risk analysis and horizon
scanning approaches improves our capacities to target high risk invasive species and invasion
pathways. Websites and smartphone applications are enabling invasive species managers and the
public to access the information necessary for the early detection of and rapid response to
invasive species (e.g. Detector (“sniffer”) dogs are being trained to
locate a wide range of invasive species – from zebra mussels to Burmese pythons – in order to
facilitate eradication and control opportunities. Small modifications in gun design are enabling
the broadcasting of herbicides and toxic baits into environments that are difficult to access.

Secondly, many of the technologies that could help us prevent, eradicate, or control invasive
species already exist, but they were developed for other applications. The reapplication of


existing technologies is cost-effective and facilitates the emergence of new markets for the
private sector. Technology innovation is a catalyst for public-private partnership. For example,
Whooshh Innovations has been developing soft, flexible air-filled tubes that use gentle pressure
variances to move objects – initially large volumes of fruit. With support from the Department of
Energy, they are now using the system to cost-effectively photograph, sort, and move fish upstream.
Although the initial target of the work was to transfer native fish (e.g. salmon or trout) over
dams and other barriers, further adaptations to the system are being explored to enable the
automated detection and extraction of invasive carp, lampreys, and other harmful aquatic species.

Third, opportunities are emerging to assemble a comprehensive toolbox to address some of the most
imperative invasive species challenges. For example, satellites, drones, automated trapping
systems, and DNA sampling techniques are being combined to develop predictive models to better
understand the transmission of human disease via invasive mosquitoes.

Fourth, best practices for technology application are context specific, one approach will not fit
all scenarios (Table 1). Considerations for developing “fit to purpose” approaches need to explore
such variables as the biology of the target species, time of year/day for maximizing effectiveness,
ecological and socio-cultural context, legal and institutional frameworks and, of course, budget
constraints and timeliness.

Table 1. Examples of technologies being applied and/or considered for application to some of worst
invasive species challenges in the United States.
Selected Species                                                    Examples of Technology
Asian carp                                                 eDNA, barriers (e.g., underwater
electroshock barriers, walls of carbon dioxide bubbles, fencing, locks), species-specific toxicants
(carpicide), genetic engineering (e.g. to influence hybridization, sex determination, sterilization
– research/conceptualization in progress), and overharvest
Cheatgrass                                                           Remote sensing, video mapping
linked to global positioning systems (GPS) and geographic information systems (GIS), biocontrol
(options being explored), herbicides, genetic engineering (e.g. reducing herbicide resistance)
Chestnut blight                                                   Genetic engineering (blight
resistance), biocontrol (exploring introduction of a “helper virus”)
Cogongrass                                                             Mapping technologies,
herbicides, biocontrol
Fire ant                                                            Mapping technologies, baits,
toxicants, large- scale hot water applications, biocontrol
Leafy spurge                                                           Mapping technologies,
herbicides, biocontrol
New Zealand mudsnail                                           Toxicants, temperature treatments,


biocontrol (predatory trematode), genetic engineering (theoretical)
Nutria                                                            Snares, traps, attractants,
“Judas nutria” (sterilization, radio tracking), artificial resting platforms, camera trapping, DNA
sampling, detector dogs, genetic engineering (theoretical)
Purple loosestrife                                              Mapping technologies, herbicides,
biocontrol (e.g. Galerucella spp.), site modification (e.g. dredging)
West Nile virus                                                 Mapping technologies, predictive
analytics and risk analyses tools, automated sampling, genetic engineering of mosquitoes (e.g. sex
determination, inability to carry virus), vaccines
Zebra mussel                                          eDNA, watercraft inspection/decontamination,
antifouling products, screening, heat treatment, chemical oxidation, sealing contaminated
infrastructure, pulse acoustics, magnetism, UV light, genetic engineering (theoretical)

Finally, in order for technologies to make a real difference on the ground, focus need not only be
on scientific research, but also on the advancement of regulatory systems, social acceptance of
technologies and international cooperation that create and maintain the enabling environment for
technology application. This is particularly true with regard to some of the technologies that hold
the greatest potential to make a significant impact on a large scale. For example, drones are in
use for everything from surveillance to injecting toxins, the development and release of biocontrol
agents, and the use of genetic-based tools to eradicate populations of invasive species.

The Federal Government has numerous roles to play in advancing technologies for the prevention,
eradication, and control of invasive species. Examples include:
• communicating the need for technology innovation to address pressing invasive species challenges;
•    catalyzing and incentivizing technology innovation and re-application;
• enabling innovators to reach proof of concept and put their ideas to work on meaningful scales,
potentially producing new industries and jobs in the process;
• creating, advancing, and maintaining the intellectual property rights framework necessary for
technology development and application; and
• applying technologies to prevent entry, detect and respond to potential invasive species before
they have a chance to cause harm, and to eradicate and control those invasive species that are
already established.

Technology application not only solves problems but also can provide a return on investment,
creating an incentive for new investments and breakthroughs.


Current Priorities
The current priorities for NISC’s work to advance technology innovation are set forth in Executive
Order 13751 and the 2016-2018 NISC Management Plan. Section 3 of the Executive Order states:

(e) To the extent practicable, Federal agencies shall also expand the use of new and existing
technologies and practices; develop, share, and utilize similar metrics and standards,
methodologies, and databases and, where relevant, platforms for monitoring invasive species; and,
facilitate the interoperability of information systems, open data, data analytics, predictive
modeling, and data reporting necessary to inform timely, science-based decision making.

In Section 4, technology innovation is recognized as an emerging priority for the Council:

(c) Federal agencies shall……promoting open data and data analytics; harnessing technological
advances in remote sensing technologies, molecular tools, cloud computing, and predictive
analytics; and using tools such as challenge prizes, citizen science, and crowdsourcing.

Section 6 states that the Council shall provide national leadership regarding invasive species and
shall, among other things:

(e) support and encourage the development of new technologies and practices, and promote the use of
existing technologies and practices, to prevent, eradicate, and control invasive species, including
those that are vectors, reservoirs, and causative agents of disease.

Section 7, which directs NISC to publish a National Invasive Species Council Management Plan every
three years, states that the Management Plan shall include, among other things, recommendations to:

(6) foster scientific, technical, and programmatic innovation.

The 2016-2018 NISC Management Plan, which pre-dated the revision of the original Executive Order by
six months, includes a goal for the Council to:

Foster the scientific, technical, and programmatic innovation necessary to enable Federal agencies
and their partners to prevent, eradicate, and/or control invasive species, as well as recover
species and restore habitats and other assets in a timely and cost-effective manner with negligible
impacts to human and environmental health.

The four priority actions to support implementation of this goal in the context of technology
innovation are to:
1) create a mechanism for fostering the development, adoption, and sharing of the decision support
tools that will enable NISC member Department/Agencies to more effectively implement the duties set
forth in E.O. 13112, NISC Management Plans, and other guidance documents;


2) work with scientific and technical institutions, organize and co-host an Innovation Summit to
(a) promote scientific, technical, and technological advances that can facilitate invasive species
prevention, eradication, and control, and
(b) identify priority needs for further advances in science and technology that can provide
solutions to some of the worst invasive species challenges in the U.S. and elsewhere;
3) conduct an assessment of the potential ecological, socio-economic, and political benefits and
costs of gene editing technology in the context of invasive species prevention, eradication, and
control; and
4) based on the outputs of the previous action, develop guidance for the potential ecological,
socio-economic, and political benefits and costs of gene editing technology in the context of
invasive species prevention, eradication, and control; and

The Innovation Summit: A Break Through
I want to highlight the work that has already been accomplished in the implementation of the third
action – organizing an Innovation Summit to advance the prevention, eradication, and control of
invasive species. The Innovation Summit was held on December 5, 2016 at the Smithsonian Institution
with funding provided by the Laura and John Arnold Foundation. The partner organizations that
co-hosted the event included the NISC Secretariat, Smithsonian Institution, Arnold Foundation,
Island Conservation, Conservation X Labs and the ANSTF. More than 300 people participated in person
or via webcast. Participants included invasive species scientists and managers, technology
innovators, experts in technology regulation, and technology grantmakers.

The Innovation Summit was the first ever event to explicitly focus on technology innovation for
invasive species from scientific, regulatory, and social perspectives. Through presentations and
panel discussions, experts representing a wide range of disciplines reviewed grand challenges in
invasive species management (e.g. from invasive grasses that impact rangelands to nutria that
threaten infrastructure), new approaches and applied technologies to address these invasive species
challenges, mechanisms for incentivizing innovation, the need to create the enabling environment
for the technology application (including regulatory, legal, and social barriers), how to best
attract technology innovators, and recommendations for moving forward.

The Summit agenda, speaker bios, abstracts, and presentation recordings are available on the NISC
website at A report of the Summit is in progress. We
anticipate that it will be released by the end of the month, at which time it will also become
available on the NISC website.

The presentations and discussions at the Summit did highlight a variety of opportunities for
advancing federal leadership in technology innovation for invasive species. Examples include:
• communicating the “grand challenges” in invasive species prevention, eradication, and control to
the entrepreneurial community across a wide range of sectors. Those with problems need to become
far more visible to those who are highly motivated to innovate solutions;


• incentivizing technology development by the private sector through competitions, prizes, or other
initiatives that inspire entrepreneurs to tackle the most pressing invasive species challenges;
• promoting the availability of federal technology grant programs to invasive species scientists
and managers. Summit participants included representatives of the Small Business Administration’s
Small Business Innovation Research program, the Defense Department’s Defense Advanced Research
Projects Agency, the National Science Foundation’s I-Core Program, and the Office of the Director
of National Intelligence’s Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity for the rapid
development and commercialization of frontier science and technologies;
• exploring mechanisms to advance regulatory frameworks in a timely manner. Technological
advancements – particularly those related to automation and gene-based technologies – are now
outpacing the ability of regulatory systems to effectively regulate these technologies;
• fostering public education/outreach initiatives in order to address social concerns about
technology development and application in the invasive species context; and
• cultivating an “innovation culture” within and outside the federal government. A wide range of
opportunities and options exist to facilitate highly productive and inspirational interactions that
result in innovating thinking and outputs. These could include and be built into future Innovation

Transformative solutions drawing on advances in technological innovation exist and can be game
changers in addressing invasive species. Federal agencies play a key leveraging role in working
with partners to identify challenges and opportunities, expand investment, and reduce barriers to
the development and application of possible solutions. These technology innovations and their
application can represent a long-term cost-savings compared to existing expensive practices.
Prioritizing technology innovation can have substantial payoffs – potentially saving millions of
dollars in costs posed by a single invasive species.
Mr. Chairman, thank you for the opportunity to testify. I am happy to address the Committee’s
questions regarding NISC’s role in advancing the innovation culture necessary to change the
on from “We can’t” to “We can do this…”

USDA Secretary confirmation hearing Thursday 23 March

Forest pest mavens,

the confirmation hearing for former Georgia Governor Sonny Perdue to be Secretary of Agriculture has been scheduled for 23 March - next Thursday.

Please contact your senators and ask them to ask Mr. Perdue how he will use USDA authorities to address invasive species - prevention, containment/eradication, management; research; restoration ... outreach to and collaboration with partners ...

I suggested a number of questions you might suggest in my blog of February 9 - available at   -- scroll down to the picture of Sonny Perdue (after my description of Interior Secretary Zinke's discussion of invasive species policies.

Your engagement is particularly important if one of your senators is on the Agriculture Committee.  You can find the committee members at

(MD & PA both have members on the Committee)

This is the best opportunity we will have to put invasive species on USDA leadership's agenda.  Please help!

Faith Campbell

Florida Monthly CISMA Call March 22, 2017 1:30 PM EST: Mexican Bromeliad Weevil, ARSA

Join us on the Monthly Florida CISMA call! 

Monthly Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area (CISMA) Online Meetings
hosted by Florida Invasive Species Partnership (FISP)
Participation is voluntary, we promise it will only last 1 hour, and we can guarantee that you will enjoy the conversations

Wednesday, March 22nd at 1:30 pm EST–

  • News you can use: Mexican Bromilad Weevil - Howard Frank
  • CISMA Update: Apalachicola Regional Stewardship Alliance CISMA update - Brian Pelc 
  • Shout Outs: FLEPPC CISMA Session topics, NISAW, First FISP meeting of 2017, upcoming and recent FISP/CISMA events.
Firstly I want to thank everyone for participating in the second CISMA call of the year. We had 19 participants from at least 5 CISMAs/FISP. I especially want to thank Cheryl Millett for presenting on the Central Florida Lygodium Strategy. The North Central Florida CISMA update was a wonderful group discussion on how to best increase it's activity. Many thanks to everyone that keeps these calls going. With the new platform we will maintain our improved call agenda of:
  • Longer Technical Presentations!
  • One CISMA Update per call
  • Shout outs for upcoming or recently completed events
We will continue:
  • using a new PowerPoint theme to match our fabulous new logo (thanks again Sarah Jean Swain!).
  • recording all things audio and visual for posterity to be posted on the FISP Youtube page for all to enjoy. 
  • hosting the calls on Adobe Connect. 
I hope everyone is having a wonderful Friday. I am sure everyone worked hard all week and is looking forward to the third CISMA call of 2017. I want to thank everyone again for participating in the monthly Florida CISMA calls and making them a success. I couldn't do it without you. The technical presenter for this month is Howard Frank. Dr. Frank will be presenting on the Mexican Bromeliad Weevil. He also has some wonderful insight on how research at UF/IFAS is conducted. Brian Pelc will be giving the CISMA update on the Apalachicola Regional Stewardship Alliance CISMA. 

 I want to thank everyone that has entered their quarterly CISMA events into the new Google form! The January-March quarter is ending. If you want events included in the FISP Outreach Quarterly eNewsletter they must be added to the Google form. The new Google form is now located on the Success Stories page of the FISP website along with the live Google sheet the form populates. These have been posted for your convenience. You can report at any time of the quarter and check to see what has been reported to avoid double postings. I also want to remind everyone that the CISMA calendars are there for you to advertise CISMA events. Enjoy your weekend and I hope to see you on next week's call!
CISMA Monthly Calls: If you would like to see any past calls, please check them out on the FISP website here
CISMA Listserv: Here is the link to the CISMA listerv if you want to join.
FISP List: Here is the link to the FISP List if you want to join.
Conference Number(s):
TNC: 1-866-385-9623
Conference Code: 751 091 0623
Audio Conference Details:
 If you have never attended an Adobe Connect meeting before:
Adobe, the Adobe logo and Adobe Connect are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries.

Save the date for the 2017 MAIPC confernece

Dear MAIPC members,

This year, the Mid-Atlantic Invasive Plant Council is partnering with the Society for Ecological Restoration, Mid-Atlantic Chapter to host our 2017 conference.  Playing off of our 2013 conference title, the two Boards are proud to present:

Invasion Biology: Paths to Conservation and Restoration Success

Juniata College, Huntingdon, PA
August 1 & 2, 2017

Keynote:  Dr. Douglas W. Tallamy, Chair of Entomology and Wildlife Ecology, University of Delaware; author of Bringing Nature Home and The Living Landscape (with Rick Darke).

Sponsorship opportunities are available.  We will be soliciting submissions for a poster session in mid Spring.  Student scholarships will be available thanks to a generous sponsorship from Invasive Plant Control Inc.  Details to follow soon.

Please see the attached postcard and share widely.

Thank you,

Damien Ossi
President, MAIPC

Damien P. Ossi
Wildlife Biologist
Fisheries and Wildlife Division
Department of Energy & Environment
Government of the District of Columbia
1200 First Street NE, 5th Floor
Washington, DC 20002
Desk: (202) 741-0840

Thursday, March 16, 2017

Examining Innovative Solutions to Control Invasive Species and Promote Wildlife Conservation
The Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works will hold a hearing entitled, “Examining Innovative Solutions to Control Invasive Species and Promote Wildlife Conservation.” Wednesday, March 15, 2017 10:00AM Room 406 of the Dirksen Senate Office Building

Josh Rudder
Invasive Plant Specialist
Park Ranger Office

Prince George's County

DoD NR Webinar Series: Understanding Occupancy Patterns in a Low-density Population of Gopher Tortoises; March 22, 1:00 PM ET

"Understanding Occupancy Patterns in a Low-density Population of Gopher Tortoises, Gopherus polyphemus"
Wednesday, March 22, 2017 (1:00 PM - 2:00 PM ET)

Eglin Air Force Base (AFB), Florida, is considered a regionally important landscape for Gopher Tortoise conservation. During the next DoD Natural Resources webinar, Steve Goodman with the Virginia Tech Department of Fish and Wildlife Conservation will provide an overview of a DoD Legacy Program project (14-762) that evaluated the distribution of Gopher Tortoises on Eglin AFB using an occupancy approach relative to available habitat type and distance from historically occupied areas. The webinar will also describe efforts to determine if site occupancy is an effective technique for assessing Gopher Tortoise population trends over time.

Conference Number: 1-877-885-1087
Participant Code: 884-304-3266

If you have never attended an Adobe Connect meeting or just want to test your connection prior to the webinar, visit:

If you are unable to join the webinar, we will post a recording on the NR Program web portal on the Webinars tab at:

Please share this information with your colleagues, and feel free to contact me if you have any questions about the upcoming presentation.

Taylor Phillips
DoD Natural Resources Program,
Twitter: @DoDNatRes

Native Plant Conservation Campaign News

March 7, 2017

Help Spread the Word About Endangered Species and Biodiversity!
Join or Organize an Event this May!

Throughout May, wildlife refuges, aquaria, parks, botanic gardens, schools, libraries, museums, and community groups will hold tours, exhibits, classroom discussions, habitat restoration projects, children’s programs, field trips and other activities to raise awareness about endangered species and biological diversity.

Hundreds of events are held in the United States and around the world each year for Endangered Species Day and World Biodiversity Day.

What is Endangered Species Day?  
  • Offers opportunities to participate in direct hands-on activities that help at-risk plants and wildlife
  • Reminds us of the importance of protecting our threatened and at-risk species;
  • Highlights the many stunning success stories of species recovery; and
  • Promotes the everyday actions people can take to protect disappearing plants and wildlife and their remaining habitats
Events include:
  • Open houses (Botanic Gardens, Nature Centers, etc)
  • Wildflower and nature walks
  • Pollinator garden planting
  • Rare plant habitat restoration
  • Festivals (e.g. pollinator festivals, eco-festivals)
To join or help plan an event near you, see the online event-finder (live in April, 2017)

If you want to organize your own event, find inspiration and examples of past Endangered Species Day events on the NPCC Speak Out for Plants Page.

If you are interested in organizing an ES Day event or collaborating with other groups in your area to plan an event, please register online and download tools and information from the Endangered Species Day Website .

Agenda and Presentation for March 29th - Indaziflam: A New Cellulose Biosynthesis Inhibiting Herbicide Provides Long-Term Control of Invasive Winter Annual Grasses, or, Implementing a Landscape Approach to Reclaiming Lands Infested with Downy Brome

Please join us on March 29th at 2:30PM ET for our next FICMNEW open meeting, which will feature a presentation by Dr. Derek Sebastian on a breakthrough treatment for cheatgrass/downy brome control.

Here (and downloadable at the link below) is the draft agenda for the March FICMNEW meeting as of today:

Teleconference:  call toll free 855-547-8255, code 69990008# 
or 703-648-4848 code 69990008#, if there's a busy signal. 
Please use *6 to mute/unmute your phone 

FICMNEW Open Meeting WebEx link: 

Facilitated by Annie Simpson

DRAFT Agenda: 
(As of 2017-03-16)

1) Review/approval of last meeting notes link distributed by listserv and posted here: 

2) Presentation: Indaziflam: A New Cellulose Biosynthesis Inhibiting Herbicide Provides Long-Term Control of Invasive Winter Annual Grasses, or, Implementing a Landscape Approach to Reclaiming Lands Infested with Downy Brome (Cheatgrass), by Dr. Derek Sabastian 
Abstract: Invasive winter annual grasses such as Bromus tectorum L. are a threat to native ecosystems throughout the US. While glyphosate, imazapic, and rimsulfuron are herbicides commonly recommended to control invasive annual grasses, their performance is inconsistent, and they can injure desirable perennial grasses. Indaziflam is a recently registered cellulose-biosynthesis inhibiting herbicide, providing broad spectrum control of annual grass and broadleaf weeds. Indaziflam (Esplanade® Bayer CropScience) is a cellulose biosynthesis inhibiting (CBI) herbicide that is a unique mode of action for resistance management and has broad spectrum activity at low application rates. Across six grass weed species tested, the GR 50 values for imazapic were on average 12 times higher than indaziflam. Indaziflam’s increased activity on monocots could provide a new alternative management strategy for long-term control of multiple invasive winter annual grasses that invade more than 23 million ha of US rangeland. Indaziflam could potentially be used to eliminate the soil seed bank of these invasive grasses, decrease fine fuel accumulation, and ultimately increase the competitiveness of perennial co-occuring native species.
Brief Bio: Dr. Derek Sebastian received his Ph.D. in Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management from Colorado State University and recently joined the Bayer Vegetation Management Stewardship Team. One of his main objectives is to assess efficacy of Esplanade 200 SC as a tool for the restoration of open spaces/natural areas and reduction of wildfire risk through selective control of invasive winter annual grasses. He conducts and coordinates research and demonstration trials, and works with government agencies on targeted vegetation management strategies.

3) Event Report: National Invasive Species Awareness Week in DC (Simpson, Hogan, other NISAW attendees)

4) Partial change in FICMNEW leadership: Meet new FICMNEW cochair, Rosalind James (Simpson)

5) Participants' Roundtable (All)

6) Next meeting: April 26th, 2:30 PM ET. 

Presentation ideas welcomed. Email or 

Important URLs:   
FICMNEW Web site:
Public collaboration space home page (accessible without login):

Please visit
to download the docx version of the draft agenda described here. 

Let me know if you have any suggested agenda additions or changes.

Thank you,

Annie Simpson, FICMNEW cochair
BISON project (
EcoScience Synthesis Branch
Core Science Analytics, Synthesis, & Libraries Program
U.S. Geological Survey, MS 302
12201 Sunrise Valley Drive
Reston, Virginia  20192

Monthly EDRR Species

It's Your Monthly EDRR Species

Hello Southwest Florida CISMA member,
This month's Early Detection Rapid Response (EDRR) species for your CISMA is nightflowering jessamine (Cestrum nocturnum). Please keep a look out for this species and report it in EDDMapS or the IveGot1 app any chance you get.
To view the entire EDRR list for your CISMA click Here.
For more information on Early Detection Rapid Response check out the EDRR page on the FISP website.
Special thanks to Florida Natural Areas Inventory (FNAI) for compiling the EDRR lists.

Cal-IPC Advocacy Alert: Help fund WMAs!

Keep pushing to fund WMAs -
Contact your state reps! 

Great work - we have our first co-signer! Sen. Galgiani from the San Joaquin Valley has joined Assembly Member Jim Wood from the north coast on a budget request letter to provide $2 million to the statewide Weed Management Area program. Call your reps now to let them know about the importance of weed management in your area!

Visit our Fund WMAs page to take action. Forward this message to others who may not have received it. Time to rally!  

Monday, March 6, 2017

Invasive Management as a Selection Pressure

It’s well known that pesticide use can cause the development of chemical resistance in target insects and plants. Based on anecdotal information and personal observations, non-chemical invasive plant control efforts appear to be able to cause the development of “resistance-like” adaptations in plants. When we engage in sustained management activity on an invasive plant at a site, we can create selection pressure on the plant. Unwittingly we may serve like plant breeders trying to create desirable new varieties, but creating undesirable new varieties that could become more challenging to manage.
Several examples. These are based on anecdotes and personal observations, and I am hoping that perhaps some folks will be inspired to gather data and study this more closely. When Japanese Stiltgrass invades a frequently mowed area like a managed lawn, I have seen reports that it adapts to flower and set seed even in the face of the mowing. I have noted that as we have intensified efforts to control Garlic Mustard by hand pulling, it may be adapting by flowering and developing viable seed earlier, in advance of when we have tended to focus our pulling efforts. (I realize that a confounding factor here is our increasing warming trend.) Also, I think I’m seeing signs that we are selecting out the tallest, most robust plants, and seeing more “stunted” plants that may be harder to spot, yet still produce seeds. Upper parts of plants may detach more readily leaving viable roots behind, and un-pulled plants may have a second bloom later in the season.
Finally, over twenty-plus years of pulling English Ivy at Long Branch Nature Center in Arlington, Virginia, I have noticed recently that more of the remaining ivy seems to have a new characteristic. The vines seem to be more fragile. Before, most vines pulled up very cooperatively, leaving few rooted stem fragments. Now I find more uncooperative vines that go to pieces on me, creating more work to find and pull all the viable remnants. I believe that we’ve inadvertently selected for this trait.
In closing, my key point is that we in the invasive plants community should be conscious of the possibility that we are selecting for resistant traits. We should monitor for signs and consider changing up our practices occasionally to reduce the risk of developing non-chemical resistance.

Steve Young, Volunteer, Arlington VA (past MAIPC Treasurer)

March 6 edition of the AIS News from PSMFC

Lots of information in the latest  compilation of news stories and journal articles prepared for you by Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission AIS coordinator, Stephen Phillips.

Covers issues relevant to the west including; zebra & quagga mussels, ballast water & hull fouling, federal and state legislation, weeds and more.

Tammy Davis  /  Invasive Species Program Coordinator ADF&G /P.O. Box 115526 / Juneau, AK 99811-5526
P: (907) 465-6183 / C: (907) 209-2492

Be part of the solution... Report Invasive Species: 1-877-INVASIV

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Friday, March 3, 2017

Stefanik reintroduces invasive species bills

Stefanik reintroduces invasive species bills

U.S. Rep. Elise M. Stefanik, R-Willsboro, has reintroduced two pieces of legislation aimed at combating invasive species.

The first bill would direct the U.S. Postal Service to issue a "Combating Invasive Species Semipostal Stamp," where net proceeds from stamp's sales would be directed to the United States Department of Agriculture and the Department of the Interior for programs that work to combat invasive species.

The second bill is a resolution expressing the commitment of the House of Representatives to combat the invasive species problem nationwide.

Both were originally introduced during last year's Congress.

Ms. Stefanik made the announcement in recognition of National Invasive Species Awareness Week this week.

"These important pieces of legislation will help raise awareness about the threats these invasive species play in our natural ecosystems and will help combat these predators," she said in a statement.

Tammy Davis  /  Invasive Species Program Coordinator ADF&G /P.O. Box 115526 / Juneau, AK 99811-5526
P: (907) 465-6183 / C: (907) 209-2492

Be part of the solution... Report Invasive Species: 1-877-INVASIV

AISC-L mailing list